We suppose it had to happen sooner or later in America; the emergence of a leader whose followers are devoted to persona over and above, or even instead of, policy. “Drain the swamp” is not a policy. Ending free, open and unvetted immigration is not a policy if, in fact, there is no free, open and unvetted immigration in America. We don’t usually associate the term Cult of Personality with American Politics. Certainly, we’ve had our share of charismatic leaders who were more likable, homespun, down to earth or just plain more popular than their opponents—think John F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, or Barack Obama. They were certainly admired, but they were admired primarily because they were, at least in the moment, admirable.
“Cult of Personality” was coined as a political term by former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in a speech to the 20th Congress of the Communist Party on February 25, 1956. He referred to the ardent followers of Joseph Stalin as a Cult of Personality that would condone anything the dictator commanded, including internecine banishment and murder. No, we’re not equating Trump with Stalin or other 20th Century dictators, but blind support of illiberal and incoherent pronouncements and a willingness to ignore behavior unbecoming a president or a presidential candidate is pretty much a modern American version of the antiquated Russo-Sino Cult of Personality.
In the bad old days, state-controlled media run by skillful propagandists carefully nurtured various Cults of Personality (think followers of Mussolini, Stalin, and Hitler). Today, it doesn’t take state-run media. All it takes are social media sycophants creating or passing along, non-stop and unmitigated praise of a political personality. And with literally billions of Facebook, Twitter and Google users throughout the world, it is small wonder that Trump takes to Twitter and Facebook as often as he does.
No President in history has, nor could they have, deliberately and so studiously cranked out missives to so many people throughout the world. Trump himself has 42 million followers on Twitter and 22 million “likes” on Facebook. Add to this the number of “shares” and “retweets” his comments garner, and he personally reaches, on a daily basis, an incredible number of people. Then, of course, his utterances and his behavior garner more newsprint and broadcast coverage every day than any other president in history.
Sociologist, Robert N. Bellah has written, “It is hard to determine the extent to which the media reflect the cult of personality in American politics and to what extent they have created it. Surely, they did not create it all alone, but just as surely, they have contributed to it. In any case, American politics is dominated by the personalities of political leaders to an extent rare in the modem world…in the personalized politics of recent years the “charisma” of the leader may be almost entirely a product of media exposure.” And, we would add, no one has manipulated American media as has President Donald Trump.
While we might identify political cultists with the likes of Stalin, Mao Zedong, Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler and Kim Jong-un today, political cults can arise anywhere, as long as there is a distinctive political figure, with a keen sense of media.
In America, we don’t have huge banners hanging from public buildings with the likeness of our Presidents. Traditionally, we might simply see buildings festooned with American flags rather than the likenesses of our presidents. Interestingly, we do have large skyscrapers in our major cities emblazoned with the name (often in lights) of our current President, who either built the structures or “leased” his name to the developers. That’s not a criticism, just an observation of a new phenomenon in American politics.
Trump also has the biggest, outsized personality of any president in memory.
National Public Radio recently asked four historians for their take on how the presidency has changed Trump and how Trump has changed the presidency. Their answers are illuminating. H.W Brands, author of biographies of Andrew Jackson, Ulysses S. Grant, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson and Ronald Reagan: “Previous candidates who get elected are almost always sobered by the office and the responsibility they take on,” Brands says. “Donald Trump shows no evidence of that. He’s the same Trump that he was when he was the host of his reality TV show. He’s the same Trump that he was when he was a candidate.”
Douglas Brinkley, author of biographies of Gerald Ford, John F, Kennedy, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and both Roosevelts: “By tweeting incessantly, he sets the agenda for the media and controls the narrative. Richard Nixon ate up a lot of clock trying to destroy the press. Trump now has a mechanism to do it because he’s not beholden in any way, shape, or form to traditional media…So by going over them, it gives him an instant kind of power and credibility… every day he wants the lead story to be ‘Trump.’ Even if it’s controversial, it allows him to be the dominant force in American politics.”
Barbara Perry, director of the Center for Presidential Studies at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center and editor of books on George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton: Perry says Trump has used his dominance to change the traditional relationship between a president and his party…”But because Trump has succeeded in remaking the party in his own ethno-nationalist, populist image, he has managed to confine that public criticism to just a handful of Republicans. And all of them share one important characteristic — they are no longer running for office. Perry says Trump and his former political adviser Steve Bannon have created a new party line for the GOP. “It does appear that they have cowed the party regulars. They’ve cowed the party traditionalists,” Perry says. “We have seen it already with the Jeff Flakes in the party, who are having to step aside and actually step out of politics at least for a while. And if that happens, if people who oppose him leave the party, or leave politics, that will be a success for him.”
William Inboden, associate professor at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas and onetime staffer in the George W. Bush White House: “…He’s ignored the traditional boundary between the chief executive and the Justice Department, repeatedly calling on the FBI and the DOJ (agencies that are supposed to be independent when it comes to criminal investigations) to go after his political enemies.” Inboden wonders how many of the changes Trump has made to the office will outlive his tenure.”
President Trump brooks no criticism. He is a political pugilist looking to scrum with anyone who has the temerity to question his judgment. Millions of Americans, fed up with Washington elitism cheer him on. They channel their dissatisfaction with the ways of Washington into support for a President who gives voice to their dissatisfaction, even though he evidences little skill at governing. We’ve seen this before in history. It generally hasn’t ended well.
All comments regarding these essays, whether they express agreement, disagreement, or an alternate view, are appreciated and welcome. Comments that do not pertain to the subject of the essay or which are ad hominem references to other commenters are not acceptable and will be deleted.
Invite friends, family, and colleagues to receive “Of Thee I Sing 1776” online commentaries. Simply copy, paste, and email them this link— www.oftheeising1776.substack.com/subscribe –and they can begin receiving these weekly essays every Sunday morning.
Very insightful analysis, Hal. And very frightening because this is the guy who proclaimed his ability to shoot someone on Fifth Avenue and no one would do anything about it. If that happens, before we know it, our democratic institutions will disappear and we will be just one more banana republic. Or even worse.
Curious how you feel about latest Clinton revelations of her taking over the DNC and kicking Bernie out of the race. Would we really be better off with her vs Trump? I doubt that anyone will do anything about it but do you think she should be investigated? Clinton Foundation? The learn more about the Swamp everyday…….unfortunately rarely is anyone held accountable. And,. don’t even get me started on the AWOL coward getting away with a slap on the hand……..while others dies and lost their limbs. 10 mos less pay……gimme a break!
I agree with Judy Allen. We need a strong President after 8 years of a wimp, Obama. Everyone was afraid to criticize him because it was “Politically incorrect”. Now all the radical left wingers criticize Trump for any and every thing and he has to clean up what the wimp was afraid to touch.
While his message is so necessary it is his style which offends me.
I believe he came in as most people’s third choice, but Hillary was most people’s last choice for those praying for a stronger America in dealing with a decaying society and infrastructure .
The Government in D.C. was so broken America needed a
strong man, just not quite this strong.
Judy Allen has it right in my opinion! Thank you Judy for your remarks
The concept of cult of personality makes sense. My problem is that I cannot accept that huge swaths of Americans are buying the way our president opins and the most simplistic ways problems can be solved.
The liberal elite were a disastrous failure. That being said, is this leader any kind of a model in any way for our younger generations?
Tell me how you explain to your educated upstanding grandchildren the way they should carry forward!
Our choices in 2016 were between two VERY flawed candidates. I think the jury is still out on Trump, but the economy so far looks like we made the better choice. The left-leaning media and biased educators are still problematic; they don’t seem to realize how counter-productive they are. Wish we could find a way to promote a better election process so that stronger leadership candidates and their families are willing to run!
Thank you for a well researched and informative article. The “Cult of Personality” is well supported and totally horrifying.
“Media is certainly the message”.. Hopefully, the idol’s clay feet melt sooner rather than later.
An increase in the strength of this president? we will be stuck with a dictator!! please read “the dangerous case of donald trump” .
27 phychiatrists and mental health experts assess a president. thank you hal, keep ’em coming!!!